Key elements of the circular economy - Knowledge Hub | Circle Economy Foundation
Key elements of the circular economy

The principles of a circular economy concern designing out waste, regenerating ecosystems and keeping items in use. Decoupling the economy from material flows—improving the rate of resource productivity faster than the economic growth rate—is also a consistent guide. By evolving with the growing number of applications of circular economy principles, and consolidating these strategies across thematic areas, Circle Economy’s Key Elements Framework (KE) renders the elements of the circular economy salient and serves as a basis to derive contextual strategies and interventions.

The Framework consists of:

  • Core Elements: Activities directly handling product or material flows; and uniquely,
  • Enabling Elements: those that remove obstacles for core actors.