👕📱 Consumer Goods - Knowledge Hub | Circle Economy Foundation
👕📱 Consumer Goods

Manufactured goods, such as vehicles, textiles, appliances and equipment and their associated production processes are big employers but:

  • production processes often rely on fossil fuels and currently drive one-third of the overshoot on the climate change planetary boundary due to its GHG production,
  • material- and energy-intensive industrial activities are linked to deforestation and drive 15% on both the land use and freshwater planetary boundaries,
  • manufacturing goods results in substantial amounts of hazardous industrial waste and leaks chemicals into the environment.

Here, circular solutions must tackle the full value chain, but material demand must also shrink: this will necessitate a societal shift to favouring sufficiency over excess and reducing consumption to sustainable levels. Our four key solutions for manufactured goods are:

  • Mainstream industrial symbiosis and efficiency : Achieve process improvements, scrap diversion and reduction in yield losses through greater industrial symbiosis and efficiency. Foster tighter collaboration within and between industries to deliver powerful material and emissions savings.
  • Extend the lifetime of machinery, equipment, and goods: Maximise the lifetime of goods that serve our daily needs to bring a number of environmental benefits.
  • Buy what's needed: Reduce the number of purchases of common electronic goods, appliances, and other equipment to sufficiency levels.
  • Eschew fast fashion in favour of sustainable textiles: Drastically reduce new clothing purchases. All used clothing should go on to be repaired, reused or, if needed, recycled appropriately. Prioritise natural and local textile manufacturing, as well as higher-quality and more durable garments.
Relevant case studies and reports

Sort by:

Most relevant


Filter by:

Approved by curator
Loading filter ...
Loading filter ...
Loading filter ...
Loading filter ...